SEO basics cover a vast field and we list over 20 steps on the page Plan your SEO process before considering link building
But do not start on any of the basics if your site has no original content, it is just copied from other websites or RSS feeds. The fact that there is nothing new there will be noticed very quickly and all the SEO and links in the world won't change that.
Only a genuinely useful site with unique content is worth search engine optimising.
I'm Tim Hill, a Search Engine Optimisation and Online Marketing specialist. I created this site to help others understand that SEO is not a mysterious black art!.
If your a newbie try the Getting Started in SEO page, otherwise feel free to dig around and learn more.