This indepth guide to SEO assumes you are already familiar with:
If you have read the section What is SEO you will understand:
That makes sense anyway because you want the right visitors who will achieve your goals - buy something, click on an advert, sign up to a newsletter, etc. But it is surprising how many people get lost in wild goose chases just to get "more visitors" and end up turning their SEO into a numbers game which ultimately does them no good at all.
Here is your actual desired scenario for long term search engine dominance.
And what do these wishy-washy statements "a good Click Through Rate", "a low bounce rate", "Some visitors ..." actually mean? Very simply rates and times that are better than your competitors.
Achieve this and you will dominate the search engines for your chosen keywords and phrases over the long term.
All major search engines can log how often they show your site in the search results for a particular word or phrase and how often users click through to your website from those results. They can also see how quickly users click the back button (bounce) and return to the search results.
Bounce on its own is not the end of the story. Its what happens afterwards. Search engines can see if the visitors who bounced then go on to look at one of your competitors (a sign that your website did not, or did not fully, meet their needs) or do something completely different (a sign that your website meets the needs of people carrying out certain searches).
And of course all search engines can see the links which are created to your site around the web and the quality of those links.
We'll cover all this in for more detail later when we look at User behaviour and SEO.
As mentioned above your SEO needs to be "better than that of your competitors". This could mean you can do all the SEO required to get your top rankings within a few hours because your competitors have done little or no SEO or, at the other extreme, it could mean you need a full time team of SEO specialists to match the budget and resource of your competitors.
Some websites are SEOed once, some SEO requires monthly budgets spending thousands, tens of thousands or even hundreds of thousands.
This is why it is essential that, before you start your SEO work, you carefully consider which keywords you want to rank for so you set targets which are realistic for your time and budget. See Choosing keywords for the detail on this.
Not all websites can be if they are fundamentally flawed in some way. Below are examples of websites that would be difficult to SEO:
If you can answer the question "Is my website genuinely useful and original?" with an honest "Yes" then it can be SEOed. If your answer is actually "Don't know, I just want to make lots of money" then you will struggle.
These pages are a step by step walk through guide on how to do optimization and fall into two main areas:
Each of these stages is broken down into smaller and more manageable steps but we recommend reading the whole guide first so you can keep some of the later steps in mind right from the beginning.
For the overview now of what you might need to cover see The 30 plus stages of SEO
A great deal will depend on the size of your ambitions! If you want to get to the top of search engine results for "Jim's bicycle shop guildford" it's not going to take as long as dominating the keyword phrase "LCD TVs". This said there are clever, and legal, ways to get round even the most popular keywords - we will come to these later.
But every time you make a change to your website the search engines ask:
Is this content now more relevant for any particular keyword or phrase?
They make this initial judgement based on how their robots understand the page and then they test the robot's conclusion by showing your site high up in the search results a few times for that keyword or phrase.
This is the moment some novices jump for joy because they see their site in the top 10 before slumping into a depression as it then drops down the rankings.
The search engines are measuring the reactions of people to your new content and once they have collected enough data they will know where to rank you versus your competitors - that's all.
This measuring process can take hours, days, weeks or months depending on how often the keyword is searched but if you want to get a sneak preview as to whether or not you are heading in the right direction I've written a detailed blog post on my main blog at link2light - How to quickly check if your SEO work was effective
Its an unfortunate truth but carrying out real Search Engine Optimization and then seeing no change in your rankings can be very telling. It means your competitors are also doing their own SEO and what you have done so far has just held the boat steady.
Apart from the obvious issues of practicing Black Hat SEO it is possible to carry out legit optimization but simply get it wrong.
One of the most common errors is just to concentrate on visitor numbers. But if you treat it as a simple numbers game this can drive up your bounce rate and cause a drop in the average amount of time users spend on your pages, both of which will have a negative effect on your rankings.
These pages contain everything you need to know in order to work through your own optimization because the only true way to get your website optimised for free is to do it yourself. But even this isn't truly free, your time has value and optimizing your website takes a great deal of it so weigh things up carefully.
As a word of caution don't become so obsessed with SEO that you forget to run your own business. You may laugh now but it happens.
Remember to treat 'Free' SEO services offered to you with a great deal of caution. Unfortunately there is no such thing as a free lunch. Some sites are just after your email for their spamming lists, some companies place time bombs in your code that will freeze your website until you pay for them to be unlocked, and so the list of horror stories goes on.
It is vital that you understand SEO to avoid being scammed. In my blog post What does "SEO my website" actually mean? I've included a real example from Upwork of someone who wants to contract out their SEO but obviously doesn't understand what it is making them an ideal target for scammers.
The first step is to use these pages as a way to understand the basics and scope of clean SEO for a sensible and achievable list of keywords and phrases that you want to rank for (see Choosing keywords). Then you can make a well written brief in order to gather quotes, sort the wheat from the chaf, and make an educated decision on whether SEO is a job for you or one to outsource.
For more on this see Outsourcing SEO
I'm Tim Hill, a Search Engine Optimization and Online Marketing specialist. I created this site to help others understand that SEO is not a mysterious black art!.
If your a newbie try the Getting Started in SEO page, otherwise feel free to dig around and learn more.